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Papers and Reports

Paper – The Legal Rights and Challenges Faced by Persons with Chronic Disability Triggered by Environmental Factors

September 20, 2019

Report prepared by ARCH Disability Law Centre and the Canadian Environmental Law Association September 2019 Acknowledgements: ARCH and CELA gratefully acknowledge the following people in the preparation of this report. Authors: Dianne Wintermute, Lawyer (ARCH) and Kathleen Cooper, Senior Researcher and Paralegal (CELA) Legal and Research Assistants: Joshua Patlik and Erica Stahl We are particularly…Read More

Guide – Guide des services auxiliaires en Ontario

August 15, 2019

Veuillez noter que les informations contenues dans ce guide ne s’appliquent pas à toutes les situations. Les besoins d’accommodement d’une personne peuvent changer avec le temps et à différents moments de la journée. Les versions PDF et RTF de ce guide sont disponibles ci-dessous. Introduction Connaissez vos droits En Ontario, les règles concernant la plupart…Read More

Guide – Attendant Services in Ontario

August 15, 2019

Please note that the information in this Guide does not apply to all situations. A person’s accommodation needs may vary over time and at different points in the day. PDF and RTF versions of this guide are available at the end of this page. Introduction Know your Rights In Ontario, the rules about most attendant…Read More

Fiche d’information – Qu’est-ce que la nouvelle Loi canadienne sur l’acessibilité (LCA)?

Qu’est-ce que la LCA? La LCA est une nouvelle loi qui vise à instaurer un Canada sans obstacles d’ici 2040. La LCA vise à créer un Canada sans obstacles en identifiant, en éliminant et en prévenant les obstacles. Elle définit un obstacle comme tout ce qui nuit à la participation pleine et égale dans la…Read More

Fact Sheet – What is the new Accessible Canada Act (ACA)?

July 30, 2019

What is the ACA? The ACA is a new law that aims to achieve a barrier free Canada by 2040. The ACA aims to achieve a barrier free Canada by identifying, addressing and preventing barriers. It defines barrier as anything that hinders the full and equal participation in society of persons with a physical, mental,…Read More

Submission – Plain English version of the Submission of Canadian Civil Society Organizations to the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

July 29, 2019

Submission – Canada: Community Organizations and Organizations of People with Disabilities Report on the “List of Issues Prior to Reporting” Plain English* version of: Submission of Canadian Civil Society Organizations to the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities On the List of Issues Prior to Reporting [Canada] to be adopted during the 22nd…Read More

Submission of Canadian Civil Society Organizations to the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

July 26, 2019

On the List of Issues Prior to Reporting [Canada] to be adopted during the 22nd Session of the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities ARCH and numerous disability organizations and groups prepared a submission to the United Nations Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (“Committee”) on July 26, 2019.  The submission…Read More

Fiche d’information – Mesures d’adaptation devant les tribunaux administratifs: mesures d’adaptation au Tribunal des droits de la personne de l’Ontario (TDPO)

Je suis un requérant non représenté devant le Tribunal des droits de la personne de l’Ontario. J’ai une audience à venir, mais j’ai besoin de mesures d’adaptation liées à un handicap pour participer de manière significative à l’audience. Quels sont mes droits? Que dit la loi? Le Tribunal des droits de la personne de l’Ontario…Read More

Fact Sheet – Procedural Accommodations at Administrative Tribunals: Accomodations in the Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario (HRTO)

I am a self-represented Applicant at the Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario. I have a hearing coming up, but I need disability-related accommodations to participate in the hearing meaningfully. What are my rights? What does the law say? The Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario (the Tribunal) is required to provide disability-related accommodations to the point…Read More

Fact Sheet – Class Action Settlement Funds and Government Funded Services and Supports

Many people with disabilities who lived at Huronia, Rideau and Southwestern Regional Centres received money as part of Class Action Settlements. Can developmental services or other government funded services and supports be denied to someone because they received settlement money from these Class Actions? • Settlement Agreements in the Huronia, Rideau and Southwestern Class Actions…Read More

Questions & Answers – Abuse of People with Disabilities

February 14, 2019

Steps to Justice developed this material in partnership with ARCH. You can access the Questions and Answers below, or go to www.stepstojustice.ca/legal-topic/health-and-disability/abuse-people-disabilities Steps to Justice is a project of the Community Legal Education Ontario (CLEO) and gives reliable and practical information on everyday legal problems experienced by people in Ontario. Abuse of people with disabilities…Read More

Fiche d’Information – Conseils pour avocats et parajuristes en Ontario : Mesures d’adaptation pour les clients accompagnés par une personne de soutien

Mon client a besoin d’une personne de soutien pour participer à une rencontre en raison de son handicap. Puis-je refuser d’inclure la personne de soutien dans la rencontre avec mon client? Que dit la loi? En tant que fournisseurs de services juridiques, les avocats et les parajuristes doivent accommoder leurs clients ayant un handicap à…Read More

Fact Sheet – Tips for Lawyers and Paralegals in Ontario: Accommodating clients requiring a support person

My client requires a support person as a disability-related accommodation to participate in a meeting. Can I refuse to include the support person in the meeting with my client? What Does the Law Say? As legal service providers, lawyers and paralegals must accommodate their clients with disabilities to the point of undue hardship, as required…Read More

Fiche d’Information – Conseils pour avocats et parajuristes en Ontario : Mesures d’adaptation pour les clients qui ont besoin de temps supplémentaire

Puis-je facturer des frais juridiques supplémentaires à mon client pour des rendez-vous plus longs, lorsque le temps supplémentaire est un besoin lié à son handicap? Mon client a besoin de plus de temps qu’un rendez-vous habituel de trente minutes   pour expliquer son problème juridique en raison de son handicap. Dois-je accommoder mon client? Puis-je facturer…Read More

Fact Sheet – Tips for Lawyers and Paralegals in Ontario: Accommodating clients who need extra time

Can I charge my client additional legal fees for longer appointments when extra time is a disability-related need? My client requires more time to explain their legal issue than the routine thirty-minute appointment due to their disability. Do I need to accommodate my client? Can I charge them for the extra time I spend with…Read More

Fiche d’Information – Conseils pour avocats et parajuristes en Ontario : Mesures d’adaptation pour les clients au moyen de communication par courriel

Mon client demande de l’accommoder en communiquant par courriel en raison de son handicap. Quelles sont mes obligations professionnelles? Que dit la loi? Le Barreau de l’Ontario interdit toute forme de discrimination, y compris à l’encontre des personnes ayant un handicap. Cette interdiction et l’obligation de fournir des services juridiques conformément au Code des droits…Read More

Fact Sheet – Tips for Lawyers and Paralegals in Ontario: Accommodating clients by communicating via email

My client asks to communicate via email as an accommodation. What are my professional obligations? What Does the Law Say? The Law Society of Ontario prohibits any form of discrimination, including against persons with disabilities. This prohibition and the obligation to provide legal services in accordance with Ontario’s Human Rights Code are detailed in the…Read More

Guide – Accès aux services juridiques: un guide pour les personnes ayant un handicap en Ontario

Ce guide est destiné aux personnes ayant un handicap qui recherchent ou reçoivent des services juridiques. Les informations contenues dans ce guide servent d’informations juridiques sur le droit à des services juridiques accessibles. Il n’est pas destiné à être un conseil juridique. Les versions PDF et RTF de ce guide sont disponibles ci-dessous. Conseils juridiques…Read More

Guide – Using Legal Services: A Guide for persons with disabilities in Ontario

This Guide is intended for persons with disabilities who are seeking or receiving legal services. The information in this Guide serves as legal information on the right to accessible legal services. It is not intended to be legal advice. PDF and RTF versions of this guide are available at the end of this page. Free…Read More

Guide – Conseils aux avocats et aux parajuristes pour fournir des services juridiques accessibles aux personnes ayant un handicap en Ontario

Ce guide est destiné aux avocats et aux parajuristes qui fournissent des services juridiques aux personnes ayant un handicap. Il n’est pas destiné à être un conseil juridique. Veuillez noter que les informations contenues dans ce guide ne s’appliquent pas à toutes les situations. Les besoins d’une personne peuvent varier dans le temps et à…Read More

Guide – Tips for Lawyers and Paralegals on Providing Accessible Legal Services to Persons with Disabilities in Ontario

This Guide is intended for lawyers and paralegals who provide legal services to persons with disabilities. It is not intended to be legal advice. Please note that the information in this Guide does not apply to all situations. A person’s needs may vary over time and at different points in the day. Always ask the…Read More

Guide – Droits de la personne et éducation en Ontario : Un guide général pour les étudiants

Veuillez noter que les informations contenues dans ce guide ne s’appliquent pas à toutes les situations. Les besoins en mesures d’adaptation d’une personne peuvent varier dans le temps et à différents moments de la journée. Demandez toujours à la personne ayant un handicap comment vous y prendre pour mieux la servir. Les versions PDF et…Read More

Guide – Human Rights and Education in Ontario: A general guide for students

Please note that the information in this Guide does not apply to all situations. A person’s accommodation needs may vary over time and at different points in the day. Always ask the person with the disability how to most appropriately accommodate them. PDF and RTF versions of this guide are available at the end of…Read More

Boîte à outils de plaidoyer – Animaux d’assistance dans les écoles en Ontario

Veuillez noter que les informations contenues dans ce guide ne s’appliquent pas à toutes les situations. Les besoins en mesures d’adaptation d’une personne peuvent varier dans le temps et à différents moments de la journée. Demandez toujours à la personne ayant un handicap comment vous y prendre pour mieux l’aider. Les versions PDF et RTF…Read More

Advocacy Toolkit – Service Animals in Schools in Ontario

Please note that the information in this Guide does not apply to all situations. A person’s accommodation needs may vary over time and at different points in the day. Always ask the person with the disability how to most appropriately accommodate them. PDF and RTF versions of this toolkit are available at the end of…Read More

Boîte à outils de plaidoyer – Votre droit de ne pas être exclu de l’école en Ontario

January 31, 2019

Veuillez noter que les informations contenues dans cette boîte à outils ne s’appliquent pas à toutes les situations. Les besoins en mesures d’adaptation d’une personne peuvent varier dans le temps et à différents moments de la journée. Demandez toujours à la personne handicapée comment vous y prendre pour mieux l’aider. Les versions PDF et RTF…Read More

Advocacy Toolkit – Your Right to not be Excluded from School in Ontario

Please note that the information in this Toolkit does not apply to all situations. A person’s accommodation needs may vary over time and at different points in the day. Always ask the person with the disability how to most appropriately accommodate them. PDF and RTF versions of this toolkit are available at the end of…Read More

Submission – ARCH Submission to Ministry of Education (2018)

December 14, 2018

Joint submission to the Government of Ontario for their consultation related to Ontario’s education system, submitted by ARCH Disability Law Centre, Community Living Ontario, Brockville and District Association for Community Involvement, Inclusion Research Team Brock University, Canadian Research Centre on Inclusive Education Western University and Inclusive Education Canada. PDF and RTF versions of this submission are…Read More

Fiche d’Information – Services et soutiens aux personnes ayant une déficience intellectuelle

December 01, 2018
Tags:SOPDI

Les adultes ayant une déficience intellectuelle peuvent être en mesure d’obtenir certains services et soutiens par l’intermédiaire des Services de l’Ontario pour les personnes ayant une déficience intellectuelle (SOPDI). Les SOPDI font partie du ministère des Services à l’enfance et des Services sociaux et communautaires. Le ministère paie d’autres agences pour fournir les services et…Read More

Fact Sheet – Services and supports for people labelled with an intellectual disability

December 01, 2018

Adults labelled with intellectual disabilities may be able to get some services and supports through Developmental Services Ontario (DSO). The DSO is part of the Ministry of Children, Community and Social Services. The Ministry pays other agencies to give the services and supports. But the first step is to apply to the DSO. PDF and…Read More

National Access Awaress Event 2018 is now available for online viewing

November 21, 2018

National Access Awareness Program 2018 from June 5, 2018 is now available for online viewing. MP4 Video with Slides (allows you to download the video to view later; with presentation slides): The event was provided in partnership by ARCH Disability Law Centre and The Law Society of Ontario.…Read More

Submission – ARCH’s Recommendations for Strengthening Bill C-81, the Accessible Canada Act (2018)

ARCH’s recommended amendments to ensure that Bill C-81, the Accessible Canada Act, achieves its purpose and potential. This resource is part of ARCH’s Advocating for an Accessible Canada initiative. For more information about the initiative, go to: www.archdisabilitylaw.ca/initiatives/advocating-for-accessibility-in-canada PDF and RTF versions of this submission are available at the end of this page. [Le français…Read More

Plain Language Summary: Legal Analysis of Bill C-81 – Final Report (2018)

October 01, 2018

A summary of the legal analysis of Bill C-81, Accessible Canada Act, in plain language. PDF and RTF versions of this summary are available at the end of this page.…Read More

Paper – Legal Analysis of Accessible Canada Act – Final Report (2018)

This report provides a legal analysis of Bill C-81, An Act to ensure a barrier free Canada. It incorporates feedback that ARCH received from persons with disabilities and disability organizations on the first draft of this report. This resource is part of ARCH’s Advocating for an Accessible Canada initiative. For more information about the initiative,…Read More

Submission – ARCH’s Submission on Third Independent Review of the AODA (2018)

September 28, 2018

ARCH’s submission on the Third Independent Review of the AODA. The recommendations here should be considered together with ARCH submissions to the past two Independent Reviews and ARCH submissions on the AODA standards.  PDF and RTF versions of this submission are available at the end of this page. Submission to the Honourable David C. Onley Third…Read More

Questions & Answers – Services for people with disabilities

Steps to Justice developed this material in partnership with ARCH. You can access the Questions and Answers below, or go to www.stepstojustice.ca/legal-topic/health-and-disability/services-people-disabilities Steps to Justice is a project of the Community Legal Education Ontario (CLEO) and gives reliable and practical information on everyday legal problems experienced by people in Ontario. Services for people with disabilities…Read More

ARCH Annual General Meeting

September 19, 2018

ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING Monday, October 1, 2018Metro Hall55 John Street, Suite 308(King Street West and John Street)Parking details at http://en.parkopedia.ca/  Registration begins at 5:30 p.m.Meeting and presentation run from 6:00 p.m. until approximately 8:00 p.m. ARCH Staff Presentation The Accessible Canada Act: What it says and what ARCH is doing about it  RSVP TO THERESA SCIBERRAS by…Read More

Submission – ARCH’s Initial Recommendations for Review of the AODA Employment Accessibility Standard (2018)

July 27, 2018

ARCH’s submission on the Initial Recommendations for Review of the Employment Accessibility Standard under the Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act. PDF and RTF versions of this submission are available at the end of this page.…Read More

Paper – If Inclusion Means Everyone, WHY NOT ME? (2018)

A Final Report for the extensive research study on the barriers to meaningful and inclusive education from K to 12 in Ontario conducted by ARCH, in partnership with Brock University, Western University, Community Living Ontario, Inclusive Education Canada, and Brockville and District Association for Community Living. This resource is part of ARCH’s Inclusive Education initiative.…Read More

Submission – Vulnerable Persons Standard (VPS) on the Proposed Regulations for Monitoring of Medical Assistance in Dying (2018)

The Vulnerable Person Standard incorporates five evidence-based safeguards intended to protect the lives of Canadians. These safeguards aim to ensure that Canadians requesting assistance from physicians to end their life can do so without jeopardizing the lives of persons in circumstances that make them vulnerable to abuse, coercion, and inducement to suicide. In this submission…Read More

Paper – Self-Advocacy from the Ashes of the Institution (2017)

September 13, 2017

The Canadian Journal of Disability Studies published a paper co-authored by Respecting Rights members Peter Park and Sue Hutton. The paper features use of graphic data on the history of the institutions, and explores the oral stories of  Peter and another survivor of Canada’s institutions for persons labelled with intellectual disability. This resource is part…Read More

Submission – AODA Alliance and ARCH’s Joint Submission on the AODA Transportation Accessibility Standard (2017)

The AODA Alliance and ARCH Disability Law Centre present concrete, workable, and much-needed revisions to strengthen Ontario’s 2011 Transportation Accessibility Standard that was enacted under the Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act (AODA). This is the final joint submission with recommendations to Ontario’s Transportation Standards Development Committee for the Review of the Transportation Accessibility Standard…Read More

Submission – ARCH’s Submission on the Proposed AODA Education Standard (2017)

July 13, 2017

ARCH’s submission on the initial consultation regarding the scope and mandate of the Standards Development Committee developing an Education Standard under the Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act. PDF and RTF versions of this submission are available at the end of this page. July 13, 2017 The Honourable Kathleen WynnePremier of OntarioLegislative Building Queen’s Park…Read More

Submission – ARCH’s Submission to the Ontario Human Rights Commission on its Review of the ‘Guidelines on Accessible Education’ (2017)

June 09, 2017

ARCH submission to the OHRC review of ‘Guidelines on Accessible Education’ outlines major developments in the legal framework around human rights and education since the Guidelines were first published. ARCH’s recommendations  in the submission rely largely on Article 24 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (“CRPD”) as a starting framework. PDF and…Read More

Paper – Considerations for Effective Implementation and Enforcement of the Proposed Federal Accessibility Legislation (2017)

This paper addresses an important legal issue ARCH recommended the Government to address as it developed the proposed federal accessibility legislation: ensuring effective implementation and enforcement of the proposed federal accessibility legislation. ARCH’s Considerations for Effective Implementation and Enforcement of the Proposed Federal Accessibility Legislation were presented to government in its consultation process as it…Read More

Submission – Canadian Civil Society Parallel Report Group Submission to UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (2017)

March 20, 2017
Tags:CRPD

The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) is an international human rights law which protects and promotes the rights of persons with disabilities. Canada ratified the CRPD in 2010. The UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities is a group of independent experts who monitor the implementation of the CRPD.…Read More

Submission – ARCH’s Submission on the Government of Canada’s Accession to the Optional Protocol to the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (2017)

March 15, 2017
Tags:CRPD

ARCH’s submission to Review of Canada’s Accession to the United Nations Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD).  The Optional Protocol (OP) provides two procedures by which the UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities can oversee implementation of Convention rights: a complaints procedure for individuals on violations…Read More

Paper – A Conceptual and Legal Framework for Inclusive Education – Jody R Carr (2017)

February 27, 2017

This paper is authored by former Education Minister of New Brunswick, Jody Carr, on behalf of ARCH Disability Law Centre, to explore and articulate a framework for reform for the delivery of public education services across Canada that is both accessible and inclusive of all children. Introduction There has been significant evolution in Canadian jurisprudence,…Read More

Paper – Discussion Paper on Proposed Federal Accessibility Legislation and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (2017)

This paper addresses an important legal issue ARCH recommended the Government to address as it developed the proposed federal accessibility legislation: the United Nations’ Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and its relationship with the planned federal accessibility legislation. In this paper ARCH provides a legal analysis of the role that the Convention…Read More

Paper – Invented Power: An Analysis of the Exclusion Clause in Ontario’s Education Act, 2017

January 12, 2017

Citation: Luke Reid, “Invented Power: An Analysis of the Exclusion Clause in Ontario’s Education Act” in Caroline Spindler Ed., CAPSLE 2016: Bright Lights on Emerging Issues in Education Law, Proceedings of the Twenty-Seventh Annual Conference of the Canadian Association for the Practical Study of Law in Education, held in Toronto, Ontario May 1 – 3, 2016…Read More

Submission – ARCH’s Submission on Bill C-14 Medical Assistance in Dying, 2016

PDF and RTF versions of this submission are available at the end of this page. A Call for Safeguards Submission by ARCH Disability Law Centre to the Standing Committee on Justice and Human Rights regarding Bill C–14 An Act to amend the Criminal Code and to make related amendments to other Acts (Medical Assistance in…Read More

Submission – ARCH Submission to the Federal Standing Committee Considering Citizenship Act Amendments, 2016

PDF and RTF versions of this submission are available at the end of this page. Introduction We applaud the government’s introduction of Bill C-6 with the aim of restoring and fostering a diverse, fair and inclusive Canada. We ask the Standing Committee to take this opportunity to strengthen Bill C-6’s reforms by making small but…Read More

Submission – Brief to the Ontario Government on Necessary Revisions to the 2007 Customer Service Accessibility Standard, 2016

PDF and RTF versions of this submission are available at the end of this page. Introduction In this brief, the Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act (AODA) Alliance and ARCH Disability Law Centre (ARCH) jointly present concrete, workable, and much-needed revisions to strengthen the Customer Service Accessibility Standard. The Ontario Government can easily implement these…Read More

Submission – ARCH Submission to the Provincial-Territorial Expert Advisory Group on Physician-Assisted Dying, 2015

This submission was offered to the Federal External Panel on Options for a Legislative Response to the Supreme Court’s decision on physician-assisted dying in Carter v Canada. The issue of physician-assisted dying has provoked a wide range of responses from the various segments of the communities of persons with disabilities in Ontario. ARCH has gone…Read More

Paper – Open Court and Confidentiality: Can there be a Balance in Light of our New Media Age?

Paper prepared for the OBA Human Rights Annual Update on May 23, 2014. The topic of discussion in this paper revolves around privacy issues that arise when persons with disabilities seek redress before the Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario (HRTO). It is likely that confidentiality will not be maintained and intimate details about their disability…Read More

Paper – Law and Ordered C.H.A.O.S.: Social Science Methodology, and the Charter Claims of Persons with Disabilities

October 24, 2013

ARCH Co-Authors article published in a special issue of the National Journal of Constitutional Law focused on Social Science Evidence and the Charter, 2013. Citation: John David Lee, C. Tess Sheldon and Roberto Lattanzio, “Law and Ordered C.H.A.O.S.: Social Science Methodology, and the Charter Claims of Persons with Disabilities” (2013) 32 NJCL 1 at 61.…Read More

Paper – Comparing the Incomparable in Human Rights Claims: Moore Guidance, 2013

Paper presented at the Ontario Bar Association’s 2013 Annual Human Rights Update: Keeping on Top of Key Developments Part II. This paper focuses on the Supreme Court of Canada decision in Moore v. British Columbia (Ministry of Education) and the use of a strict comparative analysis when framing and adjudicating statutory human rights claims. In this paper,…Read More

Paper – Inclusive Education: Opportunities for Redesign, 2010

April 15, 2010

This paper was written for 2010 CAPSLE Conference in Calgary on Inclusive Education and the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. In 2010, Canada ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), affirming its commitment to inclusive education. In this paper, ARCH discusses universal design as…Read More

Paper – A Federal Disability Act: Opportunities and Challenges (2006)

October 01, 2006

A Paper Commissioned by the Council of Canadians with Disabilities and the Canadian Association for Community Living, advancing a set of tools that could be implemented in a Federal Disability Act, and outlining a model legislative framework to illustrate how proposed strategies and tools might interact. This resource is part of ARCH’s Advocating for an…Read More



Last Modified: November 8, 2018

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