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Papers and Reports

Fact Sheet – My Rights at Work: Limits to the duty to accommodate in Ontario

Is my employer allowed to say no to my request for accommodation? What does the law say? Ontario’s Human Rights Code says that employers must provide disability-related accommodations, unless the qualification or standard is a justified job requirement, or if it causes the employer undue hardship. Justified Job Requirement If your request for accommodation is…Read More

Fact Sheet – My Rights at Work: Requests for disability-related accommodation in Ontario

What are my rights for disability-related accommodations at work? What does the law say? Ontario’s Human Rights Code (the Code) is a provincial law that says persons with disabilities in Ontario have the right to be free from discrimination in employment. Persons with disabilities are protected from discrimination in all stages of the employment relationship,…Read More

Social isolation continued: Covid-19 shines a light on what self-advocates know too well

August 05, 2021

Article written and published in Qualitative Social Work Journal. 2021, Vol. 20 (1-2) 83-89 Go here for the for article on the Qualitative Social Work Journal: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/1473325020981755…Read More

COVID-19 Factsheet – Getting Life Saving Medical Care in Hospitals during the COVID-19 Pandemic – PLAIN LANGUAGE VERSION

June 16, 2021

April 19, 2021 This is a plain language version of “Accessing Critical Care in Hospitals during the COVID-19 Pandemic This Factsheet gives information about the law. This information is for people with disabilities who may need critical medical care in hospitals in Ontario during the COVID-19 pandemic. The information in this Factsheet is about laws…Read More

ARCH Disability Law Centre’s Comments on the Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario’s Proposed Changes to Form 1: Application and Rules of Procedure

Sent via email to [email protected] May 7, 2021 Tamara Kronis, Associate ChairHuman Rights Tribunal of Ontario655 Bay Street, 14th FloorToronto, ON M7A 2A3 Dear Associate Chair Kronis: Re:             ARCH Disability Law Centre’s Comments on the Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario’s Proposed Changes to Form 1: Application and Rules of Procedure We write on behalf of ARCH…Read More

COVID-19 Factsheet – Accessing Critical Care in Hospitals during the COVID-19 Pandemic

April 19, 2021 (disponible en français) This Factsheet provides legal information and advocacy tips to people with disabilities who require critical health care in Ontario during the COVID-19 pandemic. This Factsheet contains information about laws and policies in Ontario. This legal information may not apply to you if you live outside of Ontario. To access…Read More

ARCH and AODA Alliance submit Open Letter to government on the need for a non-discriminatory Clinical Triage Protocol

December 03, 2020

OPEN LETTER: Ontario’s COVID-19 Clinical Triage ProtocolDecember 3, 2020 To: Hon. Doug Ford, Premier of OntarioLegislative BuildingQueen’s ParkToronto, ON M7A 1A1Via email: [email protected] Hon. Christine Elliott, Deputy Premier and Minister of Health of OntarioCollege Park 5th Floor,777 Bay Street, Toronto, ON M7A 2J3Via email: [email protected] Hon. Raymond Sung Joon Cho, Minister of Seniors and Accessibility…Read More

A Relic of the Past: Identification, Placement and Review Committees in Ontario’s Education System

November 30, 2020

Article published in the Canadian Journal of Educational Administration and Policy co-authored by ARCH examines the outdated framework that continues to exist in Ontario which creates ongoing barriers for students with disabilities in accessing inclusive education. To access the paper, go here: https://journalhosting.ucalgary.ca/index.php/cjeap/article/view/69850…Read More

ARCH Submission on HRTO’s Digital First Strategy

November 27, 2020

Sent via email to [email protected] November 27, 2020 Tamara Kronis, Associate Chair Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario 655 Bay Street, 14th Floor Toronto, ON M7A 2A3 Dear Associate Chair: Re: ARCH Disability Law Centre’s Comments on the Use of Electronic Proceedings at the Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario I write to you today on behalf of…Read More

Submission to the Senate on Bill C-7 – Medical Assistance in Dying

November 27, 2020

Attention: Mark Palmer, Committee ClerkSenate Standing Committee on Legal and Constitutional AffairsThe Senate of CanadaOttawa, OntarioCanada, K1A 0A4 Sent by email to: [email protected] November 25, 2020 Dear Senators,ARCH Disability Law Centre (“ARCH”) makes this submission as part of your pre-study of Bill C-7 – An Act to amend the Criminal Code (medical assistance in dying).…Read More

ARCH Submissions Detailing its Position on the Inclusion of the Clinical Frailty Scale in Ontario’s Triage Protocol

September 01, 2020

Sent via email to [email protected] September 1, 2020 Joint Centre for BioethicsUniversity of Toronto155 College Street, Suite 754Toronto, ON M5T 1P8Canada Dear Members of the Bioethics Table: Re:  ARCH Disability Law Centre’s Submissions Regarding Ontario’s Triage Protocol Draft dated July 7, 2020 Following Meetings with Bioethics Table The within document is the written submission of…Read More

ARCH Statement on decision to not lay charges in death of Soleiman Faqiri

August 12, 2020

August 11, 2020 ARCH Disability Law Centre is deeply concerned by the Ontario Provincial Police’s (OPP) decision not to lay charges against the correctional officers involved in the death of Soleiman Faqiri at the Central East Correctional Centre. ARCH urges the OPP to re-consider its decision and lay criminal charges against those responsible for Mr.…Read More

Demand for Independent Investigation into the death of Regis Korchinski-Paquet

August 10, 2020

VIA EMAIL: [email protected] August 10, 2020 Honourable Sylvia Jones, Solicitor GeneralMinistry of the Solicitor General18th Floor, 25 Grosvenor St.Toronto, ON M7A 1Y6 Dear Solicitor General Jones: Re: Investigation into the death of Regis Korchinski-Paquet We are writing on behalf of the Black Legal Action Centre (BLAC) and ARCH Disability Law Centre (ARCH) to demand for…Read More

Submissions on Proposed Regulations under the Connecting Care Act

Submissions of ARCH Disability Law Centre to the Ministry of Health on Proposed Regulations under the Connecting Care Act August 7, 2020 Table of Contents A. IntroductionB. About ARCHC. Clear and Accessible Language RequiredD. Use of the word “Patient” is incorrectE. Location of Services must be Consistent with CRPDF. Modes of Delivery must be accessible…Read More

Submissions and Recommendations Regarding Ontario’s Triage Protocol Draft dated July 7, 2020

July 20, 2020

Sent via email to [email protected] July 20, 2020 Joint Centre for BioethicsUniversity of Toronto155 College Street, Suite 754Toronto, ON M5T 1P8Canada Dear Ms. Gibson and Mr. Smith: Re:  ARCH Disability Law Centre Submissions and Recommendations Regarding Ontario’s Triage Protocol Draft dated July 7, 2020 The within document is the written submission of ARCH Disability Law…Read More

Factsheet – Proposed Regulations Under the Connecting People to Home and Community Care Act 2020

Introduction On February 25, 2020, the government introduced Bill 175, Connecting People to Home and Community Care Act, 2020. This Bill was described as part of Ontario’s efforts to modernize the delivery of home and community attendant services. On June 15, 2020, ARCH made oral submissions to the Standing Committee on the Legislative Assembly outlining…Read More

Factsheet – CRPD, Optional Protocol and Inquiries

July 08, 2020

What is the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)? This Convention is an international agreement that promotes and protects human rights for persons with disabilities. It is often called the CRPD. The CRPD says that persons with disabilities have the right to be treated equally, make their own decisions, have their rights…Read More

Access to Education for Students with Disabilities during the COVID-19 Crisis

July 03, 2020

ARCH Disability Law Centre  Submission to Ontario Ministry of Education Regarding Access to Education for Students with Disabilities during the COVID-19 Crisis To: Hon. Stephen Lecce, Minister of EducationSent via email: [email protected] July 3, 2020 I) Introduction In March 2020, Ontario schools closed indefinitely as part of a response to the COVID-19 pandemic with an…Read More

ARCH Bulletin on COVID-19: Bill 175 Connecting People to Home and Community Care Act 2020 May Soon Become Law

June 30, 2020

Bill 175 May Soon Become Law ARCH Disability Law Centre and many other disability rights organizations made oral and written submissions to the Government Standing Committee on the Legislative Assembly about the negative effect Bill 175,Connecting People to Home and Community Care Act 2020 will have on persons with disabilities if it becomes law.  To…Read More

ARCH Statement on Deaths of Persons with Mental Health Disabilities by Police

June 23, 2020

ARCH Disability Law Centre is deeply saddened and decries the deaths of persons with mental health disabilities at the hands of police officers. Over the last three months, at least three persons with mental health disabilities have died in the Toronto and Peel Regions as a result of interactions with police officers. Ejaz Choudry, Regis…Read More

ARCH Bulletin on COVID-19: June 15: Province issues Recommendations to Allow Visitors in Hospitals, but Fails to Address Rights of Persons with Disabilities

June 18, 2020

Chief Medical Officer of Health Recommends Hospitals Allow Visitors On June 15, 2020 Dr. David Williams, Ontario’s Chief Medical Officer of Health, issued a memo recommending that hospitals and other acute care health settings begin allowing visitors for patients in these facilities. Dr. Williams’ memo stated that hospitals and other health care settings should revise…Read More

Submissions on Bill 175, Connecting People to Home and Community Care Act, 2020

Submissions of ARCH Disability Law Centre to the Standing Committee on the Legislative Assembly Bill 175, Connecting People to Home and Community Care Act, 2020 June 17, 2020 Table of Contents A. IntroductionB. About ARCHC. Issues and RecommendationsI. Persons with Disabilities must be Included in Bill 175 AmendmentsII. Key Provisions Moved from Legislation to RegulationsIII.…Read More

Intervention submitted to the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission

June 12, 2020

Intervention of ARCH Disability Law Centre submitted to the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission Telecom and Broadcasting Notice of Consultation CRTC 2020-124: Call for Comments – Regulations to be made under the Accessible Canada Act June 12, 2020 Table of Contents INTRODUCTIONSUMMARY OF RECOMMENDATIONSARCH’S RESPONSE TO THE CALL FOR COMMENTSA. CONTENT OF REGULATIONS AND GUIDANCE…Read More

ARCH Bulletin on COVID-19: Update on Bill 175, Connecting People to Home and Community Care Act

June 01, 2020

Apply for Standing to Present to the Standing Committee on the Legislative Assembly on Bill 175 The Ontario government has announced that it is moving forward with online hearings for various bills.  ARCH has learned that that the Standing Committee on the Legislative Assembly will hear submissions on Bill 175, Connecting People to Home and Community…Read More

ARCH Bulletin on COVID-19: Responses to the Assistive Devices Program (ADP) Questionaire

June 01, 2020

Thank You for Participating in ARCH`s Questionnaire About ADP ARCH is pleased to let you know that we received a large number of responses to our ADP Questionnaire.  The responses were from all over the province, including northern, southwestern, eastern and central Ontario.  ARCH believes that your answers give us enough information to understand some…Read More

ARCH Letter to Premier of Ontario and Minister of Ontario Health on Hospital Visitation Bans

May 26, 2020

ARCH letter highlights serious concerns about the discriminatory impact of hospital visitation bans on people with disabilities in Ontario. ARCH is calling upon the Government of Ontario to urgently revise the essential visitor definition to ensure that people with disabilities get equal access to hospitals and health care services. The Honourable Doug FordPremier of [email protected]Read More

ARCH Bulletin on COVID-19: The Assistive Devices Program (ADP) is Open for Business

May 15, 2020

ADP is Accepting All Applications for Assistive Devices ADP has advised ARCH that it has now re-opened and is making decisions about applications for assistive devices.  The ADP Office permanently re-opened for business on April 29, 2020. ADP says that it closed temporarily so it could move to a paperless approval process. This means that…Read More

ARCH Bulletin on COVID-19: Ontario Health’s Clinical Triage Protocol for Major Surge in COVID Pandemic

May 14, 2020

What is Ontario’s Clinical Triage Protocol? A draft document called the Clinical Triage Protocol for Major Surge in COVID Pandemic, dated March 28, 2020 from Ontario Health, is meant to help doctors make difficult decisions about who will receive critical health care during the COVID-19 pandemic if there are not enough medical resources. Doctors will…Read More

ARCH Letter on Clinical Triage Protocol

May 13, 2020

Sent via email to [email protected] and [email protected] May 13, 2020 Hon. Christine Elliott, Deputy Premier and Minister of HealthCollege Park, 5th Floor777 Bay StreetToronto, ON M7A 2J3 Mr. Matthew AndersonChief Executive OfficerOntario Health Dear Hon. Minister Elliott and Mr. Anderson: Re: Ontario’s Clinical Triage Protocol for Major Surge in COVID Pandemic We write further to…Read More

Advocacy Toolkit – Advocating for Your Support Person, Attendant or Communication Assistant to be with You in Hospital During the COVID-19 Pandemic

May 05, 2020

This Advocacy Toolkit provides legal information and advocacy tips to people with disabilities who need their support person, attendant or communication assistant to be with them in hospital during the COVID-19 pandemic. This Toolkit contains information about laws and policies in Ontario. This legal information may not apply to you if you live outside of…Read More

Advocacy Toolkit – Advocating for Your Support Person or Attendant to be with You in Hospital During the COVID-19 Pandemic – PLAIN LANGUAGE VERSION

May 05, 2020

This is a plain language version of “COVID-19 Advocacy Tool Kit: Advocating for Your Support Person, Attendant or Communication Assistant to be with You in Hospital During the COVID-19 Pandemic”. This paper gives information about the law and tips. This information is for people with disabilities who need their support person or attendant to be…Read More

ARCH Bulletin on COVID-19: People Living in Developmental Services Group Homes Need Access to Essential Support Persons

To access the plain language version of this bulletin, go to ARCH Bulletin on COVID-19: Visitation Bans in Developmental Services Group Homes – PLAIN LANGUAGE VERSION People with Disabilities are Concerned about Group Home Visitation Bans In Ontario, some people labelled with intellectual or developmental disabilities live in group homes or other congregate care residences.…Read More

ARCH Bulletin on COVID-19: Visitation Bans in Developmental Services Group Homes – PLAIN LANGUAGE VERSION

This is a plain language summary of “ARCH Bulletin on COVID-19: People Living in Developmental Services Group Homes Need Access to Essential Support Persons” Many developmental services agencies in Ontario have visitation bans. These bans say that family and friends are not allowed to visit or go into a group home. Visitation bans are an…Read More

ARCH Bulletin on COVID-19: Ontario Temporarily Increases Eligible Expenses under the Passport Program

April 24, 2020

Passport Funds can Temporarily be Used for More Types of Expenses  On April 23, 2020, the government shared the COVID-19 action plan: protecting vulnerable Ontarians. This is a document that explains how the government will help persons that live or work in residential settings stay safe and prevent the spread of COVID-19.  As part of…Read More

ARCH Bulletin on COVID-19: Priority Testing Guidelines

April 23, 2020

Over the last month, testing to control the spread of COVID-19 has become an important issue for persons with disabilities across Ontario. On April 16, 2020, Premier Ford announced new guidelines that expand the groups of people who can receive priority COVID-19 testing.  Under the new guidelines the following people can get priority testing: Individuals…Read More

ARCH Bulletin on COVID-19: Ontario Renews Emergency Orders for Long-Term Care Homes until May 6, 2020

April 23, 2020

Ontario’s Emergency Orders and Directive for Long-Term Care Homes ARCH acknowledges the disproportionate vulnerability of residents in long-term care (LTC) homes who are seniors and persons with disabilities. LTC home residents are at higher risk of infection from COVID-19 for reasons such as advanced age, chronic conditions, and the institutional environment.  We are deeply saddened…Read More

ARCH Bulletin on COVID-19: Ontario’s Assistive Devices Program no longer available

April 22, 2020

On March 24, 2020, the Ontario Government decided that the Assistive Devices Program (ADP) was no longer going to be considered an essential service, as part of its response to the COVID-19 pandemic. This means that the ADP offices are closed until further notice because of COVID-19. Many types of devices are covered under the…Read More

Submission – Open Letter: Ontario’s COVID-19 Triage Protocol

April 08, 2020

April 8, 2020 Hon. Doug Ford, Premier of OntarioLegislative BuildingQueen’s ParkToronto, ON M7A 1A1 Hon. Christine Elliott, Deputy Premier and Minister of Health of OntarioCollege Park 5th Floor, 777 Bay Street, Toronto, ON M7A 2J3 Hon. Raymond Sung Joon Cho, Minister of Seniors and Accessibility of OntarioMinistry for Seniors and AccessibilityCollege Park, 5th Floor777 Bay Street,…Read More

Factsheet – Bill 175 – Connecting People to Home and Community Care Act, 2020 Regulations and Consultations – Fact Sheet 2

The government is putting most of the important parts of Bill 175 (Connecting People to Home and Community Care Act) into Regulations. This is a problem because Regulations can be passed or changed by the Cabinet. They do not have to be debated by all of our Members of Provincial Parliament. This means that the…Read More

Factsheet – Bill 175 – Connecting People To Home and Community Care Act – Fact Sheet 1

Bill 175 is moving quickly through the Ontario Legislature. It was introduced by Health Minister Christine Elliott on February 25, 2020, when it passed First Reading. Debate on the Bill was held on March 2nd – 5th and 9th & 10th, 2020. The Bill passed Second Reading on March 10th, 2020. The Bill is now…Read More

ARCH Bulletin on COVID-19: Accessible Communication

March 25, 2020

All Official Communications About COVID-19 Directed to the Public Must be Accessible to All Persons In response to COVID-19, officials from all levels of government have provided daily news updates about how to stop the spread of the virus, what to do if you are sick, and how to get support if you are affected.…Read More

Submission – Submission of ARCH Disability Law Centre to the Canadian Transportation Agency Phase II – Consultation on the Accessible Transportation for Persons with Disabilities Regulations (ATPDR)

February 27, 2020

Introduction ARCH is pleased to provide this submission to the Canadian Transportation Agency (Agency) as part of its Phase II Consultation on the Accessible Transportation for Persons with Disabilities Regulations (ATPDR). Accessible transportation is essential for realizing full and equal participation of persons with disabilities in Canada. Without access to transportation, people with disabilities are…Read More

Factsheet – What is the Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act (AODA)?

December 09, 2019

What is the AODA? The AODA is a law that aims to achieve a barrier free, or fully accessible, Ontario by 2025. The AODA asks obligated organizations to identify, remove and/or prevent barriers to full inclusion and participation of persons with disabilities in society. The AODA states that barriers are anything that stops the full…Read More

Factsheet – Service Rights in Attendant Services: Refusal to provide personal records

December 06, 2019

What can I do if my service provider refuses to give me my personal records? What does the law say? Ontario’s Personal Health Information Protection Act, 2004 (PHIPA) creates rules about your personal health information. Personal health information includes any information about your physical or mental health. It also includes an attendant service plan. Service…Read More

Factsheet – The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) and the Optional Protocol

What is the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)? This Convention is an international agreement that promotes and protects human rights for persons with disabilities. It is often called the CRPD. The CRPD says that persons with disabilities have the right to be treated equally, make their own decisions, have their rights…Read More

Submission – ARCH Submissions on the Canadian Human Rights Commission Draft Complaint Rules

Sent via email to [email protected] October 18, 2019 Piero NarducciDirector GeneralComplaints Services BranchCanadian Human Rights Commission Dear Mr. Narducci: Re:  ARCH Submissions on the Canadian Human Rights Commission Draft Complaint Rules On September 13, 2019, the Canadian Human Rights Commission (the “Commission”) invited several organizations to participate on a teleconference call to provide feedback on…Read More

Paper – The Legal Rights and Challenges Faced by Persons with Chronic Disability Triggered by Environmental Factors

September 20, 2019

Report prepared by ARCH Disability Law Centre and the Canadian Environmental Law Association September 2019 Acknowledgements: ARCH and CELA gratefully acknowledge the following people in the preparation of this report. Authors: Dianne Wintermute, Lawyer (ARCH) and Kathleen Cooper, Senior Researcher and Paralegal (CELA) Legal and Research Assistants: Joshua Patlik and Erica Stahl We are particularly…Read More

Guide – Attendant Services in Ontario

August 15, 2019

Please note that the information in this Guide does not apply to all situations. A person’s accommodation needs may vary over time and at different points in the day. PDF and RTF versions of this guide are available at the end of this page. Introduction Know your Rights In Ontario, the rules about most attendant…Read More

Fact Sheet – What is the new Accessible Canada Act (ACA)?

July 30, 2019

What is the ACA? The ACA is a new law that aims to achieve a barrier free Canada by 2040. The ACA aims to achieve a barrier free Canada by identifying, addressing and preventing barriers. It defines barrier as anything that hinders the full and equal participation in society of persons with a physical, mental,…Read More

Submission – Plain English version of the Submission of Canadian Civil Society Organizations to the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

July 29, 2019

Submission – Canada: Community Organizations and Organizations of People with Disabilities Report on the “List of Issues Prior to Reporting” Plain English* version of: Submission of Canadian Civil Society Organizations to the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities On the List of Issues Prior to Reporting [Canada] to be adopted during the 22nd…Read More

Submission of Canadian Civil Society Organizations to the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

July 26, 2019

On the List of Issues Prior to Reporting [Canada] to be adopted during the 22nd Session of the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities ARCH and numerous disability organizations and groups prepared a submission to the United Nations Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (“Committee”) on July 26, 2019.  The submission…Read More

Fact Sheet – Procedural Accommodations at Administrative Tribunals: Accomodations in the Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario (HRTO)

I am a self-represented Applicant at the Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario. I have a hearing coming up, but I need disability-related accommodations to participate in the hearing meaningfully. What are my rights? What does the law say? The Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario (the Tribunal) is required to provide disability-related accommodations to the point…Read More

Fact Sheet – Class Action Settlement Funds and Government Funded Services and Supports

Many people with disabilities who lived at Huronia, Rideau and Southwestern Regional Centres received money as part of Class Action Settlements. Can developmental services or other government funded services and supports be denied to someone because they received settlement money from these Class Actions? • Settlement Agreements in the Huronia, Rideau and Southwestern Class Actions…Read More

Questions & Answers – Abuse of People with Disabilities

February 14, 2019

Steps to Justice developed this material in partnership with ARCH. You can access the Questions and Answers below, or go to www.stepstojustice.ca/legal-topic/health-and-disability/abuse-people-disabilities Steps to Justice is a project of the Community Legal Education Ontario (CLEO) and gives reliable and practical information on everyday legal problems experienced by people in Ontario. Abuse of people with disabilities…Read More

Fact Sheet – Tips for Lawyers and Paralegals in Ontario: Accommodating clients requiring a support person

My client requires a support person as a disability-related accommodation to participate in a meeting. Can I refuse to include the support person in the meeting with my client? What Does the Law Say? As legal service providers, lawyers and paralegals must accommodate their clients with disabilities to the point of undue hardship, as required…Read More

Fact Sheet – Tips for Lawyers and Paralegals in Ontario: Accommodating clients who need extra time

Can I charge my client additional legal fees for longer appointments when extra time is a disability-related need? My client requires more time to explain their legal issue than the routine thirty-minute appointment due to their disability. Do I need to accommodate my client? Can I charge them for the extra time I spend with…Read More

Fact Sheet – Tips for Lawyers and Paralegals in Ontario: Accommodating clients by communicating via email

My client asks to communicate via email as an accommodation. What are my professional obligations? What Does the Law Say? The Law Society of Ontario prohibits any form of discrimination, including against persons with disabilities. This prohibition and the obligation to provide legal services in accordance with Ontario’s Human Rights Code are detailed in the…Read More

Guide – Using Legal Services: A Guide for persons with disabilities in Ontario

This Guide is intended for persons with disabilities who are seeking or receiving legal services. The information in this Guide serves as legal information on the right to accessible legal services. It is not intended to be legal advice. PDF and RTF versions of this guide are available at the end of this page. Free…Read More

Guide – Tips for Lawyers and Paralegals on Providing Accessible Legal Services to Persons with Disabilities in Ontario

This Guide is intended for lawyers and paralegals who provide legal services to persons with disabilities. It is not intended to be legal advice. Please note that the information in this Guide does not apply to all situations. A person’s needs may vary over time and at different points in the day. Always ask the…Read More

Guide – Human Rights and Education in Ontario: A general guide for students

Please note that the information in this Guide does not apply to all situations. A person’s accommodation needs may vary over time and at different points in the day. Always ask the person with the disability how to most appropriately accommodate them. PDF and RTF versions of this guide are available at the end of…Read More

Advocacy Toolkit – Service Animals in Schools in Ontario

Please note that the information in this Guide does not apply to all situations. A person’s accommodation needs may vary over time and at different points in the day. Always ask the person with the disability how to most appropriately accommodate them. PDF and RTF versions of this toolkit are available at the end of…Read More

Advocacy Toolkit – Your Right to not be Excluded from School in Ontario

Please note that the information in this Toolkit does not apply to all situations. A person’s accommodation needs may vary over time and at different points in the day. Always ask the person with the disability how to most appropriately accommodate them. PDF and RTF versions of this toolkit are available at the end of…Read More

Submission – ARCH Submission to Ministry of Education (2018)

December 14, 2018

Joint submission to the Government of Ontario for their consultation related to Ontario’s education system, submitted by ARCH Disability Law Centre, Community Living Ontario, Brockville and District Association for Community Involvement, Inclusion Research Team Brock University, Canadian Research Centre on Inclusive Education Western University and Inclusive Education Canada. PDF and RTF versions of this submission are…Read More

Fact Sheet – Services and supports for people labelled with an intellectual disability

December 01, 2018

Adults labelled with intellectual disabilities may be able to get some services and supports through Developmental Services Ontario (DSO). The DSO is part of the Ministry of Children, Community and Social Services. The Ministry pays other agencies to give the services and supports. But the first step is to apply to the DSO. PDF and…Read More

National Access Awaress Event 2018 is now available for online viewing

November 21, 2018

National Access Awareness Program 2018 from June 5, 2018 is now available for online viewing. MP4 Video with Slides (allows you to download the video to view later; with presentation slides): The event was provided in partnership by ARCH Disability Law Centre and The Law Society of Ontario.…Read More

Submission – ARCH’s Recommendations for Strengthening Bill C-81, the Accessible Canada Act (2018)

ARCH’s recommended amendments to ensure that Bill C-81, the Accessible Canada Act, achieves its purpose and potential. This resource is part of ARCH’s Advocating for an Accessible Canada initiative. For more information about the initiative, go to: www.archdisabilitylaw.ca/initiatives/advocating-for-accessibility-in-canada PDF and RTF versions of this submission are available at the end of this page. [Le français…Read More

Plain Language Summary: Legal Analysis of Bill C-81 – Final Report (2018)

October 01, 2018

A summary of the legal analysis of Bill C-81, Accessible Canada Act, in plain language. PDF and RTF versions of this summary are available at the end of this page.…Read More

Paper – Legal Analysis of Accessible Canada Act – Final Report (2018)

This report provides a legal analysis of Bill C-81, An Act to ensure a barrier free Canada. It incorporates feedback that ARCH received from persons with disabilities and disability organizations on the first draft of this report. This resource is part of ARCH’s Advocating for an Accessible Canada initiative. For more information about the initiative,…Read More

Submission – ARCH’s Submission on Third Independent Review of the AODA (2018)

September 28, 2018

ARCH’s submission on the Third Independent Review of the AODA. The recommendations here should be considered together with ARCH submissions to the past two Independent Reviews and ARCH submissions on the AODA standards.  PDF and RTF versions of this submission are available at the end of this page. Submission to the Honourable David C. Onley Third…Read More

Questions & Answers – Services for people with disabilities

Steps to Justice developed this material in partnership with ARCH. You can access the Questions and Answers below, or go to www.stepstojustice.ca/legal-topic/health-and-disability/services-people-disabilities Steps to Justice is a project of the Community Legal Education Ontario (CLEO) and gives reliable and practical information on everyday legal problems experienced by people in Ontario. Services for people with disabilities…Read More

ARCH Annual General Meeting

September 19, 2018

ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING Monday, October 1, 2018Metro Hall55 John Street, Suite 308(King Street West and John Street)Parking details at http://en.parkopedia.ca/  Registration begins at 5:30 p.m.Meeting and presentation run from 6:00 p.m. until approximately 8:00 p.m. ARCH Staff Presentation The Accessible Canada Act: What it says and what ARCH is doing about it  RSVP TO THERESA SCIBERRAS by…Read More

Submission – ARCH’s Initial Recommendations for Review of the AODA Employment Accessibility Standard (2018)

July 27, 2018

ARCH’s submission on the Initial Recommendations for Review of the Employment Accessibility Standard under the Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act. PDF and RTF versions of this submission are available at the end of this page.…Read More

Paper – If Inclusion Means Everyone, WHY NOT ME? (2018)

A Final Report for the extensive research study on the barriers to meaningful and inclusive education from K to 12 in Ontario conducted by ARCH, in partnership with Brock University, Western University, Community Living Ontario, Inclusive Education Canada, and Brockville and District Association for Community Living. This resource is part of ARCH’s Inclusive Education initiative.…Read More

Submission – Vulnerable Persons Standard (VPS) on the Proposed Regulations for Monitoring of Medical Assistance in Dying (2018)

The Vulnerable Person Standard incorporates five evidence-based safeguards intended to protect the lives of Canadians. These safeguards aim to ensure that Canadians requesting assistance from physicians to end their life can do so without jeopardizing the lives of persons in circumstances that make them vulnerable to abuse, coercion, and inducement to suicide. In this submission…Read More

Paper – Self-Advocacy from the Ashes of the Institution (2017)

September 13, 2017

The Canadian Journal of Disability Studies published a paper co-authored by Respecting Rights members Peter Park and Sue Hutton. The paper features use of graphic data on the history of the institutions, and explores the oral stories of  Peter and another survivor of Canada’s institutions for persons labelled with intellectual disability. This resource is part…Read More

Submission – AODA Alliance and ARCH’s Joint Submission on the AODA Transportation Accessibility Standard (2017)

The AODA Alliance and ARCH Disability Law Centre present concrete, workable, and much-needed revisions to strengthen Ontario’s 2011 Transportation Accessibility Standard that was enacted under the Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act (AODA). This is the final joint submission with recommendations to Ontario’s Transportation Standards Development Committee for the Review of the Transportation Accessibility Standard…Read More

Submission – ARCH’s Submission on the Proposed AODA Education Standard (2017)

July 13, 2017

ARCH’s submission on the initial consultation regarding the scope and mandate of the Standards Development Committee developing an Education Standard under the Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act. PDF and RTF versions of this submission are available at the end of this page. July 13, 2017 The Honourable Kathleen WynnePremier of OntarioLegislative Building Queen’s Park…Read More

Submission – ARCH’s Submission to the Ontario Human Rights Commission on its Review of the ‘Guidelines on Accessible Education’ (2017)

June 09, 2017

ARCH submission to the OHRC review of ‘Guidelines on Accessible Education’ outlines major developments in the legal framework around human rights and education since the Guidelines were first published. ARCH’s recommendations  in the submission rely largely on Article 24 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (“CRPD”) as a starting framework. PDF and…Read More

Paper – Considerations for Effective Implementation and Enforcement of the Proposed Federal Accessibility Legislation (2017)

This paper addresses an important legal issue ARCH recommended the Government to address as it developed the proposed federal accessibility legislation: ensuring effective implementation and enforcement of the proposed federal accessibility legislation. ARCH’s Considerations for Effective Implementation and Enforcement of the Proposed Federal Accessibility Legislation were presented to government in its consultation process as it…Read More

Submission – Canadian Civil Society Parallel Report Group Submission to UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (2017)

March 20, 2017
Tags:CRPD

The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) is an international human rights law which protects and promotes the rights of persons with disabilities. Canada ratified the CRPD in 2010. The UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities is a group of independent experts who monitor the implementation of the CRPD.…Read More

Submission – ARCH’s Submission on the Government of Canada’s Accession to the Optional Protocol to the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (2017)

March 15, 2017
Tags:CRPD

ARCH’s submission to Review of Canada’s Accession to the United Nations Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD).  The Optional Protocol (OP) provides two procedures by which the UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities can oversee implementation of Convention rights: a complaints procedure for individuals on violations…Read More

Paper – A Conceptual and Legal Framework for Inclusive Education – Jody R Carr (2017)

February 27, 2017

This paper is authored by former Education Minister of New Brunswick, Jody Carr, on behalf of ARCH Disability Law Centre, to explore and articulate a framework for reform for the delivery of public education services across Canada that is both accessible and inclusive of all children. Introduction There has been significant evolution in Canadian jurisprudence,…Read More

Paper – Discussion Paper on Proposed Federal Accessibility Legislation and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (2017)

This paper addresses an important legal issue ARCH recommended the Government to address as it developed the proposed federal accessibility legislation: the United Nations’ Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and its relationship with the planned federal accessibility legislation. In this paper ARCH provides a legal analysis of the role that the Convention…Read More

Paper – Invented Power: An Analysis of the Exclusion Clause in Ontario’s Education Act, 2017

January 12, 2017

Citation: Luke Reid, “Invented Power: An Analysis of the Exclusion Clause in Ontario’s Education Act” in Caroline Spindler Ed., CAPSLE 2016: Bright Lights on Emerging Issues in Education Law, Proceedings of the Twenty-Seventh Annual Conference of the Canadian Association for the Practical Study of Law in Education, held in Toronto, Ontario May 1 – 3, 2016…Read More

Submission – ARCH’s Submission on Bill C-14 Medical Assistance in Dying, 2016

PDF and RTF versions of this submission are available at the end of this page. A Call for Safeguards Submission by ARCH Disability Law Centre to the Standing Committee on Justice and Human Rights regarding Bill C–14 An Act to amend the Criminal Code and to make related amendments to other Acts (Medical Assistance in…Read More

Submission – ARCH Submission to the Federal Standing Committee Considering Citizenship Act Amendments, 2016

PDF and RTF versions of this submission are available at the end of this page. Introduction We applaud the government’s introduction of Bill C-6 with the aim of restoring and fostering a diverse, fair and inclusive Canada. We ask the Standing Committee to take this opportunity to strengthen Bill C-6’s reforms by making small but…Read More

Submission – Brief to the Ontario Government on Necessary Revisions to the 2007 Customer Service Accessibility Standard, 2016

PDF and RTF versions of this submission are available at the end of this page. Introduction In this brief, the Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act (AODA) Alliance and ARCH Disability Law Centre (ARCH) jointly present concrete, workable, and much-needed revisions to strengthen the Customer Service Accessibility Standard. The Ontario Government can easily implement these…Read More

Submission – ARCH Submission to the Provincial-Territorial Expert Advisory Group on Physician-Assisted Dying, 2015

This submission was offered to the Federal External Panel on Options for a Legislative Response to the Supreme Court’s decision on physician-assisted dying in Carter v Canada. The issue of physician-assisted dying has provoked a wide range of responses from the various segments of the communities of persons with disabilities in Ontario. ARCH has gone…Read More

Paper – Open Court and Confidentiality: Can there be a Balance in Light of our New Media Age?

Paper prepared for the OBA Human Rights Annual Update on May 23, 2014. The topic of discussion in this paper revolves around privacy issues that arise when persons with disabilities seek redress before the Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario (HRTO). It is likely that confidentiality will not be maintained and intimate details about their disability…Read More

Paper – Law and Ordered C.H.A.O.S.: Social Science Methodology, and the Charter Claims of Persons with Disabilities

October 24, 2013

ARCH Co-Authors article published in a special issue of the National Journal of Constitutional Law focused on Social Science Evidence and the Charter, 2013. Citation: John David Lee, C. Tess Sheldon and Roberto Lattanzio, “Law and Ordered C.H.A.O.S.: Social Science Methodology, and the Charter Claims of Persons with Disabilities” (2013) 32 NJCL 1 at 61.…Read More

Paper – Comparing the Incomparable in Human Rights Claims: Moore Guidance, 2013

Paper presented at the Ontario Bar Association’s 2013 Annual Human Rights Update: Keeping on Top of Key Developments Part II. This paper focuses on the Supreme Court of Canada decision in Moore v. British Columbia (Ministry of Education) and the use of a strict comparative analysis when framing and adjudicating statutory human rights claims. In this paper,…Read More

Paper – Inclusive Education: Opportunities for Redesign, 2010

April 15, 2010

This paper was written for 2010 CAPSLE Conference in Calgary on Inclusive Education and the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. In 2010, Canada ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), affirming its commitment to inclusive education. In this paper, ARCH discusses universal design as…Read More

Paper – A Federal Disability Act: Opportunities and Challenges (2006)

October 01, 2006

A Paper Commissioned by the Council of Canadians with Disabilities and the Canadian Association for Community Living, advancing a set of tools that could be implemented in a Federal Disability Act, and outlining a model legislative framework to illustrate how proposed strategies and tools might interact. This resource is part of ARCH’s Advocating for an…Read More



Last Modified: November 8, 2018

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